PHILOSOPHY OF THE NURSING EDUCATION PROGRAM
The nursing education program is based on philosophical beliefs inherent to the practice of nursing and education. The statement of philosophy adopted by the nursing faculty is consistent with and supportive of the mission and philosophy of the San Diego Community College District and San Diego City College. Curriculum and course sequence progress from simple to complex knowledge and skills with emphasis on nursing process, caring, problem solving and critical thinking. There are philosophical values critical to and inherent in nursing and nursing education, that is the foundation on which educational experiences are structured. Educational outcomes facilitate the integration of information relevant to nursing and client care.
Included in the philosophy are the definitions of the basic concepts of person, environment, health, nursing, education, teaching and learning.
Person refers to a unique individual with physiological, psychological, social, cultural, developmental and spiritual dimensions that are in constant interaction with the environment.
Environment consists of internal and external factors that impact the individual.
Health is a dynamic state of equilibrium that exists on a continuum between optimal functioning, or wellness, and alterations in functioning, or illness. Health is affected by lifestyle behaviors and the ability to maintain basic human needs.
Nursing is an art and applied science based on principles from the biological, physical and behavioral sciences which focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual or potential health problems. It is client centered and designed to assist the individual to achieve and maintain maximum functioning throughout the life span. Nurses collaborate with health team members to provide quality care based on physiological, psychological, social, cultural and spiritual needs. The practice of nursing is based upon a unique body of knowledge derived from a synthesis of multidisciplinary and nursing research resulting in evidence based practice. Nursing is an evolving profession which requires a continuing commitment to learning.
Education is a dynamic and synergistic process of sharing information between individuals resulting in measurable changes in the knowledge and behavior of the learner. Education respects the individuality of students and recognizes that each student has different educational, experiential, cultural, spiritual, economic and social backgrounds and a unique support system. The aim of education is to develop critical thinking and problem solving skills in a positive, innovative environment moving from beginning (simple) to advanced competencies (complex). This requires a collaborative effort to create a student centered environment conducive to learning.
Teaching is the responsibility of nurse educators to utilize sound educational practices and theoretical concepts to facilitate students’ achievement of their highest potential. Recognition of differences in individual needs, learning styles, ethnicity and cultural backgrounds are essential components in effective teacher-learner interactions. The teacher functions as a professional role model in the classroom and clinical settings and maintains expertise by engaging in professional growth activities.
Learning occurs via a dynamic and synergistic process that prepares the learner to function effectively as an entry-level registered nurse, provider of care across the health/illness continuum and as a member within the profession. It is the responsibility of the learner to fully utilize all educational opportunities.