Anthropology

Students at City College

Anthropology is a scientific discipline that studies humans and human behavior. The subject is divided into five broad fields: physical and cultural anthropology, linguistics and archaeology, and applied anthropology. Physical anthropology is concerned with hominid evolution and the biological features of human populations. Cultural anthropology deals with cross-cultural studies of learned behavior, such as language, kinship, religion, economics, technology, values and personality. Linguistics is the study of the origin and evolution of languages and how they reflect the behavioral patterns of people. Archaeology is involved in the recovery of material remains of past peoples with the objective of reconstructing the past. Applied Anthropology applies what we have learned from the other four fields to promote change. As both a biological and social science, anthropology seeks to understand and describe humankind.

Program Emphasis

The anthropology program has been developed to provide the student with a broad perspective of human biological and cultural origins and change which prepares the student for transfer to a four-year institution. It also offers a limited course curriculum in archaeology. A certificate of performance is available for the student who has an interest in the recovery, identification, and analysis of prehistoric and early historic artifacts related to archaeological research projects.

Career Options

Most careers related to anthropology require education beyond the associate degree, however, an understanding of broad anthropological and archaeological concepts provides some preparation for work in museums and local excavations. A partial list of possible career options follows: archaeologist, cultural anthropologist, ethnic relations specialist, ethnologist, exhibit designer, expedition guide, film ethnographer, health researcher, linguist, medical anthropologist, museum curator, physical anthropologist, primatologist, paleoanthropologist, population analyst, public health analyst, social gerontologist, transcultural nurse specialist, travel consultant, urban planner, international business consultant, international law development specialist, environmentalist, conflict resolution, and peace studies.

Student Learning Outcomes

Students who complete the program will be able to:

  • Define Anthropology, identify and discussits various subfields including: CulturalAnthropology, Physical Anthropology,Comparative Linguistics, Archaeology, andApplied Anthropology;
  • Identify and discuss Anthropological methods ofinquiry;
  • Identify, discuss, compare, contrast and criticallyanalyze the various theoretical orientations usedin the different subfields of Anthropology;
  • Discuss and critically evaluate theAnthropological Perspective including its globalemphasis and cross-cultural and comparativeapproach to understanding the various waysin which people organize themselves, meettheir various needs, and have adapted to theirenvironments;
  • Identify, describe and discuss different culturalsystems ranging from band societies to the state;
  • Identify, critically evaluate, and discuss thecontributions Anthropology has made todescribing and understanding the humancondition including human physical and culturaldiversity;
  • Identify and critically evaluate Anthropology’scontributions to other disciplines of study inthe Social Sciences, Behavioral Sciences and theHumanities.